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How to play
Goalball is a unique sport in that it is not an adapted version of another sport. It was created in 1946 when Hanz Lorrenzen and Sett Reindl developed the game as a way to help rehabilitate former WWII soldiers. It has been played throughout the world ever since and is now played competitively by men and women in over 100 countries.
Goalball is an indoor sport played by two teams. Teams are made up of six players, with three members playing at any one time.
it is played on a court that is 18 metres long and 9 metres wide. There is a goal at each end of the court, covering the entire 9 metre width of the court. The court is divided into six even sections. At either end, just in front of the goal, is the team area. Beyond that is each team's landing one. The middle two sections are collectively referred to as the neutral zone.
The court has tactile markings (string that is taped to the floor), to help the players determine where they are. The team area has six hash marks (three at the front, one on either side and one on the goal line) to assist with player orientation.
Each match has two 12-minute halves and the players change ends after the half-time break. The game only stops when the ball goes out of play, a goal is scored or there is a foul.
To score a goal, a player must roll or bounce the ball down the length of the court, past the opposing defenders and into the opponent's goal. The opponent listens for the oncoming ball and attempts to block it with their bodies. Once they are able to stop the ball and take control of it, they become the offensive team.
The ball is about the size of a basketball, and contains internal bells so players are able to track its movement by sound.
Only players and referees may talk or make noise during play. Coaches, teammates and spectators must remain silent so players can hear and locate the ball. Officials use verbal commands to inform players of what is happening during the game.
The video below provides a good introduction to Goalball:
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